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PHPExcel 中文使用手冊詳解

PHPExcel是國外人開發的一個php處理excel插件了,這個插件沒有中文的說明了,只有英文說明了,今天我們就一起來看看關于PHPExcel 中文使用手冊的例子,具體的如下所示。

HPExcel 是用來操作Office Excel 文檔的一個PHP類庫,它基于微軟的OpenXML標準和PHP語言。可以使用它來讀取、寫入不同格式的電子表格。整體來說是一個不錯的Excel操作類。

下面是這個類的一些操作說明。

include 'PHPExcel.php';
include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php';
//或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用于輸出.xls的
創建一個excel
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

// 輸出Excel表格到瀏覽器下載
header('Content-Type: application/vnd.ms-excel');
header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="abc.xls"');
header('Cache-Control: max-age=0');
// If you're serving to IE 9, then the following may be needed
header('Cache-Control: max-age=1');

// If you're serving to IE over SSL, then the following may be needed
header('Expires: Mon, 26 Jul 1997 05:00:00 GMT'); // Date in the past
header('Last-Modified: ' . gmdate('D, d M Y H:i:s') . ' GMT'); // always modified
header('Cache-Control: cache, must-revalidate'); // HTTP/1.1
header('Pragma: public'); // HTTP/1.0

$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);
$objWriter->save('php://output');

——————————————————————————————————————–
設置excel的屬性:
創建人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");
最后修改人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");
標題
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
題目
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
描述
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");
關鍵字
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");
種類
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");
——————————————————————————————————————–


設置當前的sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);

設置sheet的name
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');

設置單元格的值
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2:C4)');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2:C5)');

合并單元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');

分離單元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28:B28');

凍結窗口
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->freezePane('A2');

保護cell
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');

設置格式
// Set cell number formats
echo date('H:i:s') . " Set cell number formats\n";
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );

設置寬width
// Set column widths
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);

// 設置單元格高度
// 所有單元格默認高度
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getDefaultRowDimension()->setRowHeight(15);
// 第一行的默認高度
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getRowDimension('1')->setRowHeight(30);

設置font
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);

設置align
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);

//垂直居中
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);

設置column的border
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);

設置border的color
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');

設置填充顏色
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');

加圖片
/*實例化插入圖片類*/
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
/*設置圖片路徑 切記:只能是本地圖片*/
$objDrawing->setPath($img_val);
/*設置圖片高度*/
$objDrawing->setWidth(200);
$img_height[] = $objDrawing->getHeight();
/*設置圖片要插入的單元格*/
$objDrawing->setCoordinates($img_k[$j].$i);
/*設置圖片所在單元格的格式*/
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(10);
$objDrawing->setOffsetY(10);
$objDrawing->setRotation(0);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(50);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
導出Excel表格例子

<?php

$datas = array(
 array('王城', '男', '18', '1997-03-13', '18948348924'),
 array('李飛虹', '男', '21', '1994-06-13', '159481838924'),
 array('王蕓', '女', '18', '1997-03-13', '18648313924'),
 array('郭瑞', '男', '17', '1998-04-13', '15543248924'),
 array('李曉霞', '女', '19', '1996-06-13', '18748348924'),
);

include 'PHPExcel.php';
include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php';
//或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用于輸出.xls的
// 創建一個excel
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

// Set document properties
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Phpmarker")->setLastModifiedBy("Phpmarker")->setTitle("Phpmarker")->setSubject("Phpmarker")->setDescription("Phpmarker")->setKeywords("Phpmarker")->setCategory("Phpmarker");

$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0)->setCellValue('A1', '名字')->setCellValue('B1', '性別')->setCellValue('C1', '年齡')->setCellValue('D1', '出生日期')->setCellValue('E1', '電話號碼');
  
// Rename worksheet
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Phpmarker-' . date('Y-m-d'));
  
// Set active sheet index to the first sheet, so Excel opens this as the first sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getDefaultRowDimension()->setRowHeight(15);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->freezePane('A2');
$i = 2;
foreach($datas as $data){
 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A' . $i, $data[0])->getStyle('A'.$i)->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);
 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B' . $i, $data[1]);
 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C' . $i, $data[2]);

 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValueExplicit('D'. $i, $data[3],PHPExcel_Cell_DataType::TYPE_STRING);
 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D' . $i)->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode("@");
 
 // 設置文本格式
 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValueExplicit('E'. $i, $data[4],PHPExcel_Cell_DataType::TYPE_STRING);
 $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E' . $i)->getAlignment()->setWrapText(true);
 $i ;
}

$objActSheet = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet();
    
// 設置CELL填充顏色
$cell_fill = array(
  'A1',
  'B1',
  'C1',
  'D1',
  'E1',
);
foreach($cell_fill as $cell_fill_val){
 $cellstyle = $objActSheet->getStyle($cell_fill_val);
 // background
 // $cellstyle->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID)->getStartColor()->setARGB('fafa00');
 // set align
 $cellstyle->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_LEFT)->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);
 // font
 $cellstyle->getFont()->setSize(12)->setBold(true);
 // border
 $cellstyle->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN)->getColor()->setARGB('FFFF0000');
 $cellstyle->getBorders()->getBottom()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN)->getColor()->setARGB('FFFF0000');
 $cellstyle->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN)->getColor()->setARGB('FFFF0000');
 $cellstyle->getBorders()->getRight()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN)->getColor()->setARGB('FFFF0000');
}
 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getRowDimension('1')->setRowHeight(30);
 
$objActSheet->getColumnDimension('A')->setWidth(18.5);
$objActSheet->getColumnDimension('B')->setWidth(23.5);
$objActSheet->getColumnDimension('C')->setWidth(12);
$objActSheet->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);
$objActSheet->getColumnDimension('E')->setWidth(12);


$filename = '2015030423';
ob_end_clean();//清除緩沖區,避免亂碼 
header('Content-Type: application/vnd.ms-excel');
header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="'.$filename.'.xls"');
header('Cache-Control: max-age=0');
// If you're serving to IE 9, then the following may be needed
header('Cache-Control: max-age=1');

// If you're serving to IE over SSL, then the following may be needed
header('Expires: Mon, 26 Jul 1997 05:00:00 GMT'); // Date in the past
header('Last-Modified: ' . gmdate('D, d M Y H:i:s') . ' GMT'); // always modified
header('Cache-Control: cache, must-revalidate'); // HTTP/1.1
header('Pragma: public'); // HTTP/1.0

$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);
$objWriter->save('php://output');
?>
到處中文時,會出現亂碼,記得在Header 之前加 ob_end_clean() 清除緩沖區,避免亂碼


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